IN ENSURING WATER SECURITY. CENTRAL ASIAN STATES’ EXPERIENCE: KAZAKHSTAN, TAJIKISTAN, UZBEKISTAN
Aliya ZHANSAUTOVA; Yelena NECHAYEVA; Meruert KAZBEKOVA
Aliya Zhansautova, Doctoral candidate of the Department of Political Science of the L.N. Gumilev Eurasian National University (Astana, Kazakhstan)
Yelena Nechayeva, Professor, Head of the Department of Political Science of the L.N. Gumilev Eurasian National University (Astana, Kazakhstan)
Meruert Kazbekova, Ph.D. (Political Science), Acting Assistant Professor of the Department of Political Science of the L.N. Gumilev Eurasian National University (Astana, Kazakhstan)
The article focuses on examining the influence of political risks on ensuring water security in the context of comparative analysis of the experience of the Central Asian countries—Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan. The article pays particular attention to the prospects and peculiarities of the subsequent development of water diplomacy among the region’s countries in the context of globalization and world economic crisis. The results of the conducted research make it possible to reveal and aggregate scientific approaches to the definitions of the political risk and water security concepts; characterize the influence of political risks on water security in the context of intensifying international relations; define the characteristics of formation of water policy in a number of countries and determine the approaches to ensuring water security in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. In addition, the work stipulates the need to conclude a unified interstate water agreement, which should become the foundation of a sustainable water policy for the Central Asian states.
Keywords: water policy, political risks, Central Asia, water security, international relations.