METHODS OF ENSURING NATIONAL SECURITY OF CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES UNDER NEW GEOPOLITICAL CONDITIONS
Sergey RYAZANTSEV; Munira AKMALOVA; Mirzokosim KARIMOV; Zafar VAZIROV
Sergey Ryazantsev, D.Sc. (Econ.), Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor at the Department of Demographic and Migration Policy, MGIMO-University, Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Director of the Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Munira Akmalova, Ph.D. (Political Science), Head of the Faculty of Political Science and International Relations of the Tajik State University of Law, Business and Politics (Khujand, Republic of Tajikistan)
Mirzokosim Karimov, Ph.D. (Hist.), Senior Research Fellow, Center for Social Demography, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Zafar Vazirov, Junior Research Fellow, Center for Social Demography, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, PhD student, Department of International Economic Relations, Peoples’ Friendship University (RUDN University) (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Vital interests of the Shanghai Five are concentrated in the post-Soviet countries, including Central Asia. The article substantiates the need to work out an SCO foreign policy strategy in regard to the post-Soviet space, which is based on national interests. A conclusion is made that national interests and a specific strategy in regard to the post-Soviet space need to be recorded in the SCO doctrinal documents. National interests of the Central Asian countries are based on permanent, rather than immediate, applied or institutional goals.
The article also examines certain problems and peculiarities of religious extremism, and religious terrorism as its extreme form. Special attention is heeded to the formulation of characteristic features of a partnership as a special and independent format of international relations. In conclusion, the author points to the manifestation of global tendencies in regard to state sovereignty and security as the research aim.
Keywords: state, security, Central Asia, drug trafficking, destabilization processes, national interests, struggle, independent states, energy resources, threat.