THE PARTY SYSTEM AS AN ELEMENT OF POLITICAL MODERNIZATION OF KAZAKHSTAN

Marat BAYPAKOV, Akhan BIZHANOV, Rustem KADYRZHANOV


Marat Baypakov, Doctoral candidate, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Associate at the Institute of Philosophy, Political and Religious Studies, Committee for Science, Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Almaty, Kazakhstan)

Akhan Bizhanov, D.Sc. (Political Science), Professor, Director, Institute of Philosophy, Political and Religious Studies, Committee for Science, Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Almaty, Kazakhstan)

Rustem Kadyrzhanov, D.Sc. (Philos.), Professor, Chief Research Associate, Institute of Philosophy, Political and Religious Studies, Committee for Science, Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Almaty, Kazakhstan)


ABSTRACT

Today, sovereign Kazakhstan is steadily moving towards consistent modernization, higher competitiveness in the globalized world and postindustrial development. Its political party system can be described as a political institution that ensures the countrys stability and sustainability.

A multi-party system and pluralism that should be developed and consolidated are the two indispensable elements of democratization. Despite their fundamental transformations, political parties and political systems have not disappeared from the stagethey have merely moved to qualitatively new positions.

At each new stage of social and political transformation political parties undergo radical changes; the same fully applies to the party system in its quantitative and qualitative dimensions. Political parties of Kazakhstan have travelled the road from proto-parties to industrialized entities to self-organizing mechanisms of the political elites. In order to clarify the prospects and the key trends of the countrys political modernization, we should identify the specifics of Kazakhstans party system and the nature of its impact on the state and civil society.


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