Alexander Dudnik, Ph.D. (Hist.), Senior Researcher of the Foundation of Ukrainian Presidents at the Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine (Kiev, Ukraine).
THE NAGORNO-KARABAKH ISSUE IN UKRAINIAN FOREIGN POLICY (1992-2012)
Ukrainian Foreign Policy after the Orange Revolution
THE NAGORNO-KARABAKH ISSUE IN UKRAINIAN FOREIGN POLICY UNDER PRESIDENT VIKTOR YUSHCHENKO (2005-2009)
Viktor Yushchenko became the second president of Ukraine after Leonid Kravchuk and unequivocally oriented the country toward European integration. Moreover, it was during his presidency that official state documents, particularly the new version of the Ukrainian military doctrine (2005), indicated for the first time that Ukrainian-NATO and Ukrainian-European Union cooperation was aimed conclusively at the country’s Euro-Atlantic integration. This meant that Ukraine officially rejected the status of a non-bloc state. In 2008, Viktor Yushchenko, along with Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili, made an attempt to sign a Membership Action Plan (MAP) with NATO, that is, obtain for Ukraine the status of associate member or accession country in the North Atlantic Alliance.
New Directions, Priorities, and Approaches in Ukrainian Foreign Policy
For the purpose of Euro-Atlantic integration under Viktor Yushchenko, Ukraine tried to act like a regional leader, primarily intensifying and stepping up its activity in subregional integration in the post-Soviet expanse in the Black Sea-Caspian Region (BCR). In the words of Viktor Yushchenko, Ukraine’s new regional policy was to become one of the key elements of the state’s European and Euro-Atlantic integration. The main focus was placed on intensifying economic cooperation and improving Ukraine’s international image, as well as on making maximum use of its potential as a reliable country in ensuring stability and security in the Black Sea-Caspian Region. With this in mind, GUAM was transformed into an international organization. At the founding summit of………………