Alexander Dudnik, Ph.D. (Hist.), Senior Fellow at the Ukrainian Presidential Fund under the Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine (Kiev, Ukraine).
THE NAGORNO-KARABAKH ISSUE IN UKRAINIAN FOREIGN POLICY
The Nagorno-Karabakh Issue in the Policy of Presidents Leonid Kravchuk (1991-1993) and Leonid Kuchma (1993-2004)
This article attempts to identify the characteristics of Ukrainian policy regarding settlement of the Armenian-Azeri Nagorno-Karabakh conflict over the past twenty years. It takes particular note of the positions and approaches formed, as well as Ukraine’s initiatives and the participation of each of the country’s four presidents in this conflict as they took their turns in power: Leonid Kravchuk (1992-1993), Leonid Kuchma (1993-2004), Viktor Yushchenko (2005-2009), and Viktor Yanukovich (since 2010).
It points to the common and specific features of the policy of all the Ukrainian leaders on this problem and reveals the internal and external factors that have had an influence on the change in Kiev’s position on this question and, correspondingly, on Ukraine’s relations, primarily with Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Russia, in looking for ways to settle it.
It reveals the reasons for Ukraine’s interest in resolving the conflict and Kiev’s justification of its right to carry out a mediating and peacekeeping mission in it. It focuses particular attention on Ukraine’s policy regarding this issue within the framework of international organizations, as well as on Kiev’s achievements and blunders in assisting this conflict settlement.
Keywords: The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, the Black Sea-Caspian Region, Ukrainian mediation, conflict settlement, the Minsk Group (MG), the OSCE, the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development (ODED)-GUAM, U.N. Security Council resolutions.
Ukraine’s vitally important national interests are being realized in complicated internal and external circumstances that are characterized by several challenges and threats. They include the danger of escalation of the so-called frozen or smoldering regional conflicts close to the Ukrainian border, the most challenging of which is the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in the Central Caucasus. Today, its possible settlement is complicated by the involvement of other states, the…………….