2 JanuaryTalibs capture the Washer District, Hilmand Province.
26 JanuaryPresident Karzai invites the Taliban to start peace negotiations.
31 JanuaryThe lower chamber (Wolusi jirga) of the parliament passes a draft Law on National Reconciliation.
2 FebruaryTalibs capture the Musa Kala district center, Hilmand Province, in violation with the agreement with the British commanders on the transfer of the city to the khans of the local tribes.
19 FebruaryThe upper chamber (Meshrano jirga) of the parliament passes a draft Law on National Reconciliation.
20 FebruaryThe government troops supported by NATO forces liberate the Bakwa district center, Farah Province, which Talibs captured the day before.
1 March †The police arrests deputy leader of the Taliban, former defense minister of the Taliban Mullah Obaidulla Ahund, in Quetta (Pakistan).
31 MarchA new opposition political organizationóthe National United Front of Afghanistan headed by Burhanuddin Rabbani, a deputy and former presidentóis set up.
26 April†Talibs capture the Giru district center, Ghazni Province.
10 May †The lower chamber of the parliament passes a vote of no-confidence in Foreign Minister R.D. Spanta and Minister for Refugees A. Akbar.
12 May†A prominent field commander of the Taliban and member of its Military Council Mullah Dadullah is killed in a NATO air raid in the Hilmand Province.
28 May†Fourteen people are killed in an armed fray between supporters of General A.R. Dostum and the police in Shibrgan, Jawzjan Province.
12 June President Karzai survives an attempted assassination when Talibs shell the building in which he is speaking in the Andar District, Ghazni Province.
17 June Thirty-five policemen die in a terrorist act committed by a suicide bomber in Kabul.
20 June The police liberates Mia Neshin, Kandahar Province, whom Talibs captured the day before.
8 July †Minister of Counter Narcotics Habibulla Kaderi resigns.
19 July †Talibs take 23 South Korean missionaries who came to the country for humanitarian purposes hostage.
9 September†A ceremony in memory of the National Hero of Afghanistan Ahmad Shah Massoud is held at the Kabul stadium.
29 SeptemberThirty soldiers of the national army die in a terrorist act committed by a suicide bomber in Kabul.
3 OctoberTalibs capture the Ajiristan district center, Ghazni Province.
6 OctoberFifteen criminals sentenced for murder, abductions of people, and attacks on government troop posts are executed in the Puli-Charhi prison in violation of the moratorium on capital punishment.
16 OctoberThe European Union calls on Afghanistan to restore the moratorium and ban capital punishment altogether.
2 November Talibs capture the Gulistan District, Farah Province.
5 November Sixty-four people, including 6 parliamentarians, die in a terrorist act committed by a suicide bomber.
7 November U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon condemns the terrorist act in Afghanistan.
12 NovemberLeader of the Taliban, ďthe commander of the faithful,Ē Mullah Omar addresses the Muslims on the occasion of Id al-Fitr (Festival of the Breaking of the Fast).
16 NovemberThe government signs an agreement on transit of Central Asian gas to Pakistan.
20 NovemberA Chinese metallurgical company wins the Aynak copper tender in the Logar province.
29 NovemberOsama bin Laden delivers his Address to the European Nations, in which he calls on them to discontinue their support of the United States and pull their troops out of Afghanistan.
8 DecemberThe government troops supported by NATO units liberate the Musa Kala district center, Hilmand province, occupied by Talibs in February.
25 DecemberOn Kabulís demand, two foreign diplomats who represented the U.N. and EU accused of activities detrimental to Afghanistanís security leave the country.
28 DecemberNationwide mourning is declared in connection with the murder of former prime minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto.

"Republic of Armenia"

29 JanuaryBureau member of Dashnaktsutiun Grant Markarian announces that his party will not support Defense Minister Serge Sarkisian as a presidential candidate: ďAt the coming election the party will run with its own candidate.Ē
15 FebruaryAt the third special congress of Prospering Armenia, its leader Gagik Tsarukian announces: ďThe party will run independently at the parliamentary elections on 12 May.Ē
5 March †The National-Democratic Union headed by Vazgen Manukian announces that it will boycott the parliamentary elections.
25 MarchPrime Minister Margarian passes away.
2 April†The Council of the Republican Party of Armenia decides to nominate Defense Minister Serge Sarkisian as a presidential candidate.
4 April†President Kocharian appoints Serge Sarkisian as prime minister of Armenia.
12 April†Two offices of Prospering Armenia are blasted.
28 April†The Board of the Armenian National Movement announces that it is quitting the parliamentary election campaign.
5 May The National Security Service searches the office of the Civil Disobedience Movement and the apartments of its foundersóformer foreign minister Alexander Arzumanian and former minister for coordination of production infrastructures Vaan Shirkhanianóaccused of money laundering.
9 May A joint meeting of the Impeachment Bloc and the Republican and New Times parties in front of the National Security Service building ends in clashes with the police.
10 May†The court of the first instance of the Tsentr and Nork-Marasha Erevan communities satisfies an application of the NSS to detain founder of the Civil Disobedience Movement Alexander Arzumanian for two months.
12 May†Parliamentary elections are held in Armenia.
13 May†The international election observer mission concludes that the elections were a ďstep forward compared with the preceding elections and, on the whole, corresponded to the international obligations Armenia had assumed, even though there were certain questions.Ē
21 May†The Central Election Commission sums up the results of the 12 May parliamentary elections.
6 June The Republican and Prospering Armenia parties form a political coalition, which in turn signs a cooperation agreement with Dashnaktsutiun.
7 June President Kocharian again appoints Serge Sarkisian as prime minister.
7 June The National Assembly elects Tigran Torosian as its speaker.
8 June President Kocharian forms a new Cabinet.
10 June The Constitutional Court declines the applications of the Impeachment Bloc and the Republican, New Times, and Orinats Erkir parties and leaves the 19 May decision of the Central Election Commission on the results of elections in proportional constituencies unchanged.
29 June The National Assembly of Armenia passes two draft laws in the first reading that might limit Radio Libertyís broadcasting possibilities.
3 July †The National Assembly fails to pass the drafts that might limit Radio Libertyís broadcasting possibilities.
12 July †In an interview to Spiegel on-line, President Kocharian says: ďI support Serge Sarkisian without the slightest doubt.Ē
25 July †Public Radio refuses to extend a contract on broadcasting Radio Libertyís programs.
1 AugustThe Broadcasting Board of Governors renews the broadcasting contract with the Armenian service of Radio Liberty on Ar frequencies in Erevan.
6 September†Former foreign minister Alexander Arzumanian detained on an accusation in money laundering is set free.
21 SeptemberOn Independence Day, Levon Ter-Petrosian returns to politics after nearly ten years of silence. At a reception of the Armenian National Movement he says: ďWe have to liquidate this system to get rid of it.Ē
29 SeptemberLevon Ter-Petrosian meets Bureau member of Dashnaktsutiun Grant Markarian and representative of the ruling elite of the same party Armen Rustamian.
23 OctoberA skirmish between members of the opposition group Alternative and the police takes place in the center of Erevan; editors of the Ayakakan Zhamanak and Chetvertaia vlastí newspapers Nikol Pashinian and Shoger Matevosian and the leaders of the Democratic Motherland and Conservative parties Petros Makeian and Mikael Ayrapetian are brought to the precinct of the Tsentr community.
26 OctoberAt a rally on Freedom Square in Erevan, Levon Ter-Petrosian announces that he will run for presidency.
9 November Chairman of the Central Election Commission Garegin Azarian officially announces that the presidential election in Armenia will be held on 19 February, 2008.
10 NovemberPrime Minister Sarkisian is nominated as a presidential candidate at the 2nd congress of the ruling Republican Party.
26 NovemberThe Second Congress of the Dashink Party headed by Samvel Babaian passes a decision on the partyís unification with the Ramkavar Party of Armenia.
27 NovemberThe presidium of the National Unity Party decides to nominate its leader Artashes Gegamian as a presidential candidate.
30 NovemberThe extraordinary Supreme Meeting of Dashnaktsutiun decides to nominate Bureau member Vaan Ovanesian as a presidential candidate.
3 DecemberThe Orinats Erkir congress confirms the earlier decision of its governing body to nominate its leader, former National Assembly speaker Artur Bagdasarian, as a presidential candidate.
6 DecemberNine presidential candidates submit all the necessary documents to the Central Election Commission. Artur Bagdasarian (Orinats Erkir), Artashes Gegamian (National Unity), Tigran Karapetian (Peopleís Party), Aram Arutiunian (National Agreement), Vaan Ovanesian (Dashnaktsutiun), Vazgen Manukian (NDU), and Serge Sarkisian (Republican Party) will run for their parties. Arman Melikian and Levon Ter-Petrosian will run as self-nominees.

"Azerbaijan Republic"

19 JanuaryG. Mamedov, who headed the largest criminal group in the countryís history, and 10 members of the band are sentenced to life imprisonment.
26 JanuaryThe opposition starts a series of mass actions to protest against the higher prices for fuel and communal services fixed by the government.
26 FebruaryThe country marks the 15th anniversary of the genocide organized by Armenian armed units in the Azeri city of Khojaly.
9 March †Baku hosts the First Forum of the Azeri and Turkish diasporas.
19 March and 28 December Several prisoners are pardoned.
20 MarchThe State Migration Service is set up.
20 April†Editor-in-Chief of the Gundelik Azerbaijan newspaper E. Fatullaev is arrested; later, on 30 October, he is sentenced to 8.5 years in prison for threats to carry out terrorist acts, for fanning national enmity, and for tax evasion.
20 April†Former health minister A. Insanov is sentenced to 11 years in prison for stealing state property and corruption.
21 May†The Armenian Armed Forces start a series of fires in the occupied Azeri territories.
23 May†The National Security Conception of Azerbaijan is endorsed.
13 June The first Karabakh Forum, which attracts political parties, parliamentary deputies, and NGOs is held in Baku.
28 June A joint Azeri-Armenian delegation of prominent representatives of the intelligentsia visits Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenia, and Azerbaijan.
31 OctoberFormer minister of economic development F. Aliev is sentenced to 10 years in prison for embezzlement, stealing state property, and corruption.
12 NovemberThe Center for Strategic Studies under the President is set up.
12 NovemberEditor-in-Chief of the opposition Azadlyg newspaper G. Zakhid is arrested.
14 DecemberThe Council of State Support for NGOs under the President is set up.
20 DecemberThe Ireli Youth Movement starts the action ďForward Together with Ilham.Ē


10 JanuaryPresident Saakashvili signs constitutional amendments to reschedule the parliamentary elections from the spring 2008 to the fall 2008 and also to reschedule the presidential election to the fall 2008.
31 JanuaryThe Georgian government says it is ready to talk to the de facto Abkhazian authorities without any preconditions.
7 FebruaryMart Laar, Saakashviliís economic advisor, former prime minister of Estonia, expresses concern over the protection of property rights in Georgia.
4 March †Abkhazia holds parliamentary elections. Moscow ďrespectsĒ the elections.
7 March †Imedi TV claims the Georgian authorities have handed Badri Patarkatsishvili over to Russia. The same day, the leader of the Republicans, one of the opposition parties, urges Patarkatsishvili to move to politics.
12 MarchThe Georgian government claims Russian helicopters shelled the Kodori gorge, a Georgian controlled enclave in Abkhazia.
26 MarchSaakashvili announces the establishment of a ďtransitional administrative unitĒ in South Ossetia to be headed by Tbilisi-loyal Dimitri Sanakoev. The de facto authorities of South Ossetia slam Tbilisiís new policy.
16 April†The natural gas rate increases in Georgia.
1 May The Georgian government says the de facto Abkhazian leaders are unwilling to talk to Tbilisi.
30 May†A new crisis starts in Tbilisi-South Ossetia relations due to water shortages in the self-proclaimed republic.
31 May†The Georgian media begins to ponder Irakli Okruashviliís possible return to politics.
16 July †Five opposition parties demand changes in the current election code.
31 July †The de facto Abkhazian authorities tease Tbilisi, saying it lacks levers to stop Russian investments in the self-proclaimed republic.
23 August †The Georgian government launches a PR campaign against the de facto president of South Ossetia.
6-7 AugustA missile is found on Georgian territory. Official Tbilisi blames Russia for the incident. A new scandal begins.
5 September†Saakashvili slams the U.N. for ďamoral adviceĒ over the settlement efforts in Abkhazia.
12 SeptemberMikhail Kareli, governor of the Shida Kartli region and a close aide to Okruashvili, is dismissed.
14 SeptemberTwo members of the parliament associated with Okruashvili leave the ruling party.
24 SeptemberFormer minister of defense I. Okruashvili finally breaks silence by presenting his political party and challenging the government. Later on that day in an interview with Imedi TV, Okruashvili accuses Saakashviliís closest aides and relatives of corruption, throws doubts on the official version of the death of Prime Minister Zurab Zhvania, and accuses Saakashvili of planning the assassination of Badri Patarkatsishvili.
27-28 SeptemberI. Okruashvili is arrested on charges of corruption and abuse of power. The opposition rallies the first protest demonstration and vows to rally more.
2 OctoberThe opposition takes steps towards unification and plans a mass protest campaign. Nine political parties, joined by the NGO Equality Institute, create a so-called National Council. The united opposition demands holding the parliamentary elections in April 2008 and proposes a parliamentarian model for Georgia.
7 OctoberIlia II, the Patriarch of the Georgian Orthodox Church, offers a model of constitutional monarchy for Georgia. The opposition welcomes his initiative.
8-11 OctoberProsecutors release Okruashvili after he pleads guilty and repudiates all accusations against the government. Okruashvili leaves Georgia.
16 OctoberSaakashvili proposes lowering the electoral threshold from 7 to 5%.
28 OctoberB. Patarkatsishvili announces he will finance the opposition.
29 OctoberThe Georgian officials begin to talk about ďPatarkatsishviliís coup díťtat.Ē
30-31 OctoberSaakashvili clashes with the Russian peacekeepers in Abkhazia after the peacekeepers detain Georgian policemen. The Georgian government demands the withdrawal of the peacekeepers.
30-31 OctoberB. Patarkatsishvili announces that he is selling all of Imedi TVís shares to the News Corporation.
2-6 NovemberMass protest demonstrations start in Tbilisi. The opposition alliance demands that the government hold the parliamentary elections in the spring of 2008 instead of the fall of 2008; create new election administrations with representatives from the political parties; and release ďpolitical prisoners.Ē The government does not react to the demonstrations and the opposition changes its demands urging Saakashvili to resign.
4 November Saakashvili breaks his silence in an interview; tries to dismiss all the concerns raised by the demonstrations, and talks about external conspiracies.
7 November The police and special forces disperse the demonstration. The government accuses the opposition of cooperating with the Kremlin and planning a coup díťtat. The Georgian Orthodox Church condemns the violence. Patarkatsishvili vows to put an end to Saakashviliís rule. In the evening the special forces invade Imedi TV. The channel suspends broadcasting. Other opposition TV channel, Kavkasia, is also closed. A state of emergency is imposed. All remaining TV channels except the Public Broadcaster have to suspend news coverage.
8 November Saakashvili announces that the presidential election and a plebiscite for deciding the date of the parliamentary elections will be held in January 2008. The opposition welcomes his initiative.
10 NovemberB. Patarkatsishvili reveals his plans to run for president.
11 NovemberL. Gachechiladze becomes the presidential candidate of the united opposition.
15 NovemberThe parliament endorses amendments to the election code allowing political parties to have representatives on the Central Election Commission.
16 NovemberThe state of emergency is lifted.
16 NovemberM. Saakashvili nominates Vladimir Gurgenidze as prime minister.
19 NovemberThe Labor Party (part of the National Council) nominates Shalva Natelashvili as presidential candidate.
19 NovemberThe government plans to increase pensions.
24 NovemberThe New Rights nominate David Gamkrelidze as presidential candidate.
25 NovemberM. Saakashvili steps down as president.
29 NovemberThe opposition accuses Saakashvili of misusing state resources for his campaign.
30 NovemberProminent Georgian companies donate millions to a special governmental fund designed to assist socially vulnerable people. The opposition accuses the government of racketing business.
12 DecemberImedi TV resumes broadcasting.
14 DecemberThe opposition slams the votersí list, claiming it has been inflated for rigging the elections.
25-26 December †The government releases records of conversations between Patarkatsishvili and Georgian high officials charging the tycoon of planning a coup díťtat in early January 2008. Imedi TV decides to suspend broadcasting.
28 DecemberM. Saakashvili vows, if elected, to fundamentally reshuffle his political team and make it ďmore all-inclusive,Ē designed to primarily serve the peopleís interests.

"Republic of Kazakhstan"

15 JanuaryPresident Nazarbaev signs the Law on the Procedure for Examining the Applications of Natural and Juridical Persons.
17 JanuaryHead of State Nazarbaev signs a decree appointing O. Zhumabekov Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration.
6 FebruaryPresident Nazarbaev signs the Law on Amendments and Addenda to the Law of the RK on Preventing Iodine-Deficiency Illnesses, designed to improve public relations in the prevention of iodine-deficiency illnesses.
8 FebruaryPresident Nazarbaev takes part in the oath rite ceremony of political civil servants, visits the Astanagenplan enterprise, and holds a meeting on the capitalís development, which is also attended by Prime Minister K. Masimov and Akim of Astana M. Mamin.
13 FebruaryPresident Nazarbaev takes part in an extended sitting of the Public Council for the State Cultural Heritage program.
19 FebruaryPresident Nazarbaev chairs the concluding sitting of the State Commission for Drafting and Specifying the Program of Democratic Reforms in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
21 FebruaryPresident Nazarbaev chairs the first meeting of the working group for constitutional reform.
22 FebruaryPresident Nazarbaev signs the Law on Addenda to the Law of the RK on Pension Insurance in the Republic of Kazakhstan, designed to upgrade social guarantees for judges.
27 FebruaryPresident Nazarbaev meets members of the Bureau of the Peopleís Democratic Party Nur Otan Political Council.
28 FebruaryPresident Nazarbaev delivers his Address to the Nation at a joint sitting of the parliamentís chambers dedicated to the countryís main trends at home and abroad entitled New Kazakhstan in the New World.
5 March †President Nazarbaev attends a conference of the regional akims.
7 March †President Nazarbaev takes part in a round table on the Role of the Women of Kazakhstan in Politics, Business, and the Social Sphere.
22 MarchPresident Nazarbaev congratulates the Kazakh people on the Nauryz-meyramy holyday on the central square of Astana.
27 MarchThe Communist Party of Kazakhstan (CPK) and the Communist Peopleís Party of Kazakhstan (CPPK) announce their intention to join forces on the political scene.
9 April†President Nazarbaev receives the republicís public and political figures.
10 April†President Nazarbaev gives an interview to the anchormen of authorís programs of the Republican TV channels.
23 April†President Nazarbaev receives A. Baymenov, deputy of the Majilis and Chairman of the Ak Zhol Party.
24 April†President Nazarbaev chairs a regular meeting of the working group for constitutional reform in Almaty.
1 May President Nazarbaev congratulates the people on the Day of Unity of the People of Kazakhstan.
9 May President Nazarbaev lays wreaths at the Monuments of the Defenders of Fatherland in Astana.
14 May†President Nazarbaev chairs the concluding sitting of the working group for constitutional reform.
15 May † †President Nazarbaev meets members of the Nur Otan faction and members of the bureau of the Nur Otan Political Council, akims of the regions and of Astana and Almaty.
16 May†President Nazarbaev speaks at a joint sitting of the parliamentís chambers and introduces a set of constitutional amendments and addenda.
24 May†Head of the United Social-Democratic Party (USDP) and head of the Nagyz Ak Zhol Party (the True Bright Road) announce that they intend to set up an election bloc For a Just Kazakhstan.
31 May†President Nazarbaev takes part in the opening ceremony of the Memorial Museum Complex dedicated to the victims of political repressions and the totalitarian regime.
4 June President Nazarbaev takes part in the republican youth forum of the Nur Otan Party dedicated to the 15th anniversary of the republicís state symbols.
7 June President Nazarbaev signs the Law on Ratification of the Convention on the Standards of Democratic Elections, Suffrage, and Freedoms in the Member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
13 June The Khalyk rukhi Party is set up.
15 June The Alga! Party declines the offer of the USDP and Nagyz Ak Zhol to merge.
18 June President Nazarbaev signs the Law on Amendments and Addenda to Some Legislative Acts of the RK related to the Improvement of Administrative Procedures, designed to improve the quality of state services.
19 June Majilis deputies send President Nazarbaev a letter of self-disbandment and ask him to announce pre-term parliamentary elections.
20 June President Nazarbaev signs a decree on disbandment of the Majilis and announces pre-term elections to the Majilis of the parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
22 June The Central Election Commission of the RK passes a decision on elections to the maslikhats and the schedule of the main steps related to the maslikhat elections.
23 June The opposition Nagyz Ak Zhol and USDP merge: the former becomes part of the latter.
25 June Nomination of candidates as Majilis deputies elected by party lists and candidates as maslikhat deputies begins.
28 June The Communist Peopleís Party of Kazakhstan halts unification talks with the Communist Party of Kazakhstan.
2 July †An extraordinary congress of the Rukhaniyat Party is held in Almaty.
3 July †The Adilet Party decides to join the Ak Zhol Party for the election campaign.
4 July †President Nazarbaev takes part in an extraordinary congress of the Nur Otan Party.
5 July †President Nazarbaev holds a press conference with the regional media.
6 July †The Communist Party of Kazakhstan refuses to run for parliament.
9 July †The Central Election Commission draws up rules for the media regarding election agitation and information support of the upcoming election campaign.
10 July †The Democratic Ak Zhol Party meets for its regular congress.
12 July †Parties submit their election documents to the Central Election Commission.
16 July †The Central Election Commission registers the USDP party list.
19 July †The political parties running for parliament present their election platforms.
20 July †The Central Election Commission sets up a Public Council to settle information disagreements.
23 July †The Central Election Commission approves the text of the ballot paper and the list of political parties.
25 July †President Nazarbaev signs a Law on Amendments and Addenda to Some Legislative Acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan Regarding Improvements in the Fight against Corruption, designed to combat corruption, increase responsibility for its manifestations, and introduce mechanisms for its prevention.
30 July †The Public Council meets at the Central Election Commission and examines information disputes.
6 AugustPresident Nazarbaev takes part in the sitting of the Council of the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan, which nominates candidates for election to the Majilis of the RK parliament.
8 AugustHead of the Presidential Administration A. Jaksybekov receives L. Kopai, head of the OSCE election observation mission.
13 August †The Ak Zhol, Nur Otan, and USDP parties running for parliament meet for public discussions.
14 August †President Nazarbaev attends the forum ďWe are with Nur OtanĒ of the Nur Otan supporters.
17 August †The media publish an address by the Central Election Commission to all the sides involved in the election process.
18 August †A parliamentary election takes place.
20 August †K. Saudabaev, State Secretary of the Republic of Kazakhstan, convenes a press conference on the results of the pre-term parliamentary election.
20 August †The 13th APK session takes place.
20 August †The Central Election Commission publishes the preliminary results of the parliamentary election.
22 August †Chairperson of the Central Council of the Ah Zhol Party M. Narikbaev sends an open letter of recognition of Nur Otanís victory to the Political Council, party members, and the electorate.
23 August †The Central Election Commission adopts a decision on the results of the elections to the Majilis of the RK parliament of the fourth convocation and the distribution of seats according to party lists.
24 August †President Nazarbaev chairs a sitting of the Bureau of the Nur Otan Political Council which distributes deputy mandates.
27 August †The Nur Otan Party submits the list of Majilis deputies.
28 August †The Central Election Commission registers the deputies of the Majilis of the fourth convocation elected on 18 and 20 August.
29 August †President Nazarbaev attends a ceremonial meeting dedicated to the Constitution Day of the RK.
2 September†President Nazarbaev opens the first joint session of the Majilis of the parliament of the RK of the fourth convocation.
12 OctoberAstana hosts an international conference dedicated to the 10th anniversary of the Kazakhstan-2030 Strategy.
19 OctoberThe 3rd Civil Forum of NGOs opens.
14 DecemberPresident Nazarbaev takes part in a gala meeting devoted to Independence Day of the RK (Astana).

"Kyrgyz Republic"

8 JanuaryThe Ata-Meken Party accuses the riot police of inaction during the meeting of Zhogorku Kenesh deputy O. Tekebaev with voters in the Bazarkorgon District, Jalal-Abad Region on 5-7 January, when there were attempts to disrupt the event.
11 JanuaryThe Security Council of the Kyrgyz Republic recommends that President Bakiev sign the new draft of the Constitution.
15 JanuaryPresident Bakiev signs the Law on the New Version of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic of 30 December, 2006.
18 JanuaryThe parliament refuses to confirm F. Kulovís appointment as prime minister of the RK.
25 JanuaryThe parliament refuses to confirm F. Kulovís appointment as prime minister of the RK for the second time.
26 JanuaryPresident Bakiev nominates A. Asabekov, acting minister of agriculture, water economy, and the processing industry, to the post of prime minister.
29 JanuaryThe parliament confirms A. Asabekovís appointment to the post of prime minister.
30 JanuaryPresident Bakiev confirms the Cabinetís new structure.
14 FebruaryFormer prime minister F. Kulov announces that he is joining the opposition.
14 FebruaryThe Ata-Meken (the Fatherland) and Ar-Namys (Dignity) parties decide to unite and revive the Peopleís Congress of Kyrgyzstan.
18 FebruaryThe United Front For the Honorable Future of Kyrgyzstan is set up as a sociopolitical union.
19 FebruaryThe United Front For the Honorable Future of Kyrgyzstan makes a political statement in which it accuses the countryís president of abuse of power and calls for genuine constitutional reform and pre-term presidential elections.
20 FebruaryThe United Front For the Honorable Future of Kyrgyzstan elects former prime minister Kulov as its political leader.
22 FebruaryIn his interview to Litsa newspaper, former secretary of the republicís Security Council M. Niyazov accuses the republicís leaders of being incapable of leading the country out of the crisis.
22 FebruaryThe Forum of the Young Politicians of Kyrgyzstan suggests that President Bakiev confirm his power and the legitimacy of the Constitution through a referendum.
1 March †The For Reforms Movement and the United Front For the Honorable Future of Kyrgyzstan put forward a new draft of the Constitution.
5 March †F. Kulov holds a press conference attended by about 80 Kyrgyz and foreign journalists in the Hyatt Hotel in Bishkek.
9 March †The For Reforms Movement gives President Bakiev a month (until 10 April) to complete systemic and constitutional reforms in Kyrgyzstan.
12 MarchThe headquarters of the United Front For the Honorable Future of Kyrgyzstan distribute a statement about permanent mass rallies in the countryís regions scheduled on 9 April and in Bishkek on 11 April.
16 March President Bakiev once more endorses the Cabinetís new structure.
26 MarchThe participants of the forum of representatives of the leading public and political movements, parties, and NGOs of Kyrgyzstan decide to support the protest rallies scheduled by the United Front For the Honorable Future of Kyrgyzstan.
29 MarchPrime Minister Isabekov leaves his post because the president refused to endorse the resignation of some of the Cabinet members.
30 MarchPresident Bakiev signs a decree on appointing opposition member A. Atambaev prime minister.
2 April†The headquarters of the Anti-Front movement that stands opposed to the oppositionís United Front opens in Bishkek.
2 April†The opposition hands President Bakiev the agreed upon version of the Constitution drafted jointly by lawyers, the For Reforms movement, and the United Front For the Honorable Future of Kyrgyzstan.
5 April†The United Front supporters begin a political hunger strike under the slogan ďFor Bakievís Resignation.Ē
9 April†Permanent rallies of the opposition begin in Kyrgyzstanís regions.
10 April†President Bakiev submits a draft law to parliament on amendments and addenda to the Constitution prepared by a workgroup headed by Prime Minister Atambaev.
11 April†A permanent protest rally of the opposition begins in Bishkek.
12 April†Participants in the political hunger strike discontinue their action to join the United Front rally.
19 April†The Ministry of the Interior organizes attacks of provocateurs on the militiamen guarding the House of the Government and uses special grenades to disperse the opposition rally.
20 April†The General Prosecutorís Office removes videos from TV studios in Bishkek of the permanent rally of the United Front and the For Reforms movement that took place between 11 and 19 April.
21 April†The National Security State Committee begins interrogating the participants in the opposition rally under the criminal case instigated by the General Prosecutorís Office.
25-27 April†Human rights activists demonstrate in front of the building of the National Security State Committee with a demand to discontinue the political persecutions.
26 April†The Chu Regional Prosecutor Office of Kyrgyzstan starts criminal proceedings against the mass disturbances organized by B. Akaevaís supporters during the elections in the Kem District.
2 May The Second Popular Assembly convened by the United Front For the Honorable Future of Kyrgyzstan suggests that a Russia-Kyrgyzstan confederation be set up.
4 May Chairman of the Human Rights Commission under the President of the KR T. Akun accuses the closest circle of the head of state of postponing constitutional reform.
5 May The participants in the first popular assembly (kurultai) in Baytik village (outside Bishkek) accuse the countryís leader of the provocations organized on 14 and 19 April accompanied by the use of force, degrading treatment, deliberate destruction of the private property of peaceful demonstrators and, later, persecutions of the political opponents.
29 May†The proceedings of the Ministry of the Interior vs. the opposition are suspended until the end of the investigation.
27 June The first trial on the mass disorders that took place on 19 April and were allegedly organized by the opposition begins in Bishkek.
1 AugustF. Kulov, leader of the United Front For the Honorable Future of Kyrgyzstan, is accused of staging the mass disorders on 19 April.
2 AugustThe General Prosecutorís Office completes its investigation of the criminal case related to the Aksy tragedy and accuses former head of the presidential administration Amanbek Karypkulov, former public prosecutor of the Jalal-Abad Region Zootbek Kudaybergenov, former governor of the same region Sultan Urmanaev (currently a Zhogorku Kenesh deputy), former deputy chairman of the republicís border service Sadyrbek Dubanaev and former head of the Jalal-Abad Administration of the Interior Kubanychbek Tokobaev.
8 AugustZhogorku Kenesh deputy from the opposition M. Eshimkanov declines the post of the republicís ambassador to Switzerland because the government failed to fulfill its promise to stop the criminal proceedings against the opposition leaders.
9 August25 NGOs set up the Taza shayloo (Clean Elections) Association for Monitoring the Elections and Referenda.
14 SeptemberThe Constitutional Court annuls the November and December (2006) versions of the Fundamental Law.
15 SeptemberCriminal persecution of Head of the United Front For the Honorable Future of Kyrgyzstan headquarters O. Suvanaliev is discontinued because of the absence of a crime in the act.
19 SeptemberPresident Bakiev issues a decree on a constitutional referendum scheduled for 21 October.
19 SeptemberPresident Bakiev addresses the parliament and the people and announces his intention to set up a party.
22 SeptemberThe movement For the Constitution, Reforms and Development is set up †in Bishkek to unite the democratic forces that will lead the country to prosperity.
24 SeptemberThe participants in the Forum of the Republicís Public and Political Forces ask the Zhogorku Kenesh to investigate whether the president had the right to present a new draft of the Constitution and the Election Code for a referendum, as well as the legitimacy of his statement about setting up his own party.
26 SeptemberCandidate to the Osh City Kenesh A. Mamajanov declares that members of criminal structures threatened him and his family in an effort to force him quit the race.
26 SeptemberSpeaking at a meeting with activists from the Chu Region, President Bakiev promises that when the new Constitution is adopted the state will move against tribalism, sexism, and discrimination of ethnic minorities in power structures.
28 SeptemberSpeaking in front of the heads of educational establishments, lecturers, and students, President Bakiev calls on the people to go to the polls and promises economic developments after the referendum.
28 SeptemberMembers of the Kylym shamy, the Voice of Freedom, and Peaceóthe Light of Culture organizations demand that the authorities discontinue persecutions of human rights activists.
2 OctoberThe parliament recommends that the president postpone the referendum until a later date.
8 OctoberMembers of some NGOs and parties demand that the president annul his decree on the referendum.
15 OctoberThe Republican Forum of the For the Constitution, Reforms, and Development Movement sets up an organizing committee for the presidential Ak Zhol (the Bright Way) Party.
15 OctoberThe Constituent Congress of the Ak Zhol Paty endorses the president as the partyís chairman.
21 OctoberThe referendum on the new version of the Constitution and Election Code is held.
22 OctoberThe president dissolves the parliament by his decree.
23 OctoberThe Bishkek military court completely acquits the former deputy minister of the interior in the Aksy case; the other defendants receive suspended sentences.
28 NovemberThe inter-district court of Bishkek engaged in the case of the Peopleís Ak Zhol Party vs. the Central Election Commission rules that the decision of the former on the 0.5 percent regional barrier for gaining seats in parliament will remain in effect.
3 DecemberThe round table devoted to ensuring equal opportunities for all parties running for parliament in the pre-term elections expresses its non-confidence in the Central Election Commission.
16 DecemberThe pre-term parliamentary elections are held.
18 DecemberThe Supreme Court allows the supervision complaint of the Peopleís Ak Zhol Party; the 0.5 percent threshold will be based on the number of voters in the region rather than on their total number.
18 DecemberYoung people gather in front of the Central Election Commission for a rally under the slogan ďI do not believeĒ to protest against the results of †the pre-term parliamentary elections; 19 people are detained by the militia in Bishkek.
18 DecemberSeveral people go on hunger strike in the Osh Region to protest against the pre-term parliamentary election.
20 DecemberThe Zhogorku Kenesh of the 4th convocation is formed.
24 DecemberA. Madumarov is elected the parliamentís speaker.
24 DecemberThe parliament endorses I. Chudinov as prime minister, President Bakiev signs the corresponding decree.
24 DecemberThe opposition leaders discuss the possibility of collecting signatures for a referendum on the new version of the Constitution.
24 DecemberThe round table organized by the political parties that did not get into the Zhogorku Kenesh suggests that Brussels (President Bakiev intends to visit it) be informed that the president has no moral power to represent Kyrgyzstan as a democratic state.

"Republic of Tajikistan"

11 JanuaryOn the strength of the action of the RT General Prosecutor Office, †the Supreme Court classifies ten more organizations as extremist, †including the Islamic Party of Turkestan, Kharakati tabligot, Sozmoni tabligot, and Tojikiston ozodi parties, and bans them in Tajikistan.
14 JanuaryAt its extraordinary congress, the Democratic Party of Tajikistan announces a change of leadership, which means that it splits into three factions.
4 FebruaryThe large-scale accident at the Pamir-1 Hydropower Plant plunges the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region into social chaos; there is not enough bread, radio and TV remain silent, schools are closed for two weeks.
15 FebruaryThe Majlisi Oli deputies pass the Law on Public Associations.
20 MarchThe Social-Democratic Party announces that it is working on an alternative strategy for the country up to the year 2015.
22 MarchThe Supreme Court of the RT suspends the activities of the International Mercy Corps in Tajikistan because of gross violations of the law.
25 MarchThe president of Tajikistan informs the nation in his TV address that he is changing his name from Rakhmonov to the traditional Tajik Rakhmon.
30 MarchEditors of the leading media complain to the government about what they call arbitrary energy cuts by the Barqi Tojik company and accuse it of violations of the rights of customers. The address also mentions that the company is cutting energy supplies ďto printing presses Ö hospitals and schools Ö while ensuring uninterrupted supply of certain companies and private homes.Ē
4 May †Prominent member of the Tajik opposition, editor of Charogi ruz (The Luminary of Day), Dododjon Atovulloev is detained at Moscowís Sheremetievo airport with an undeclared sum of ą350 thousand.
14 May†Judicial structures of the RT register the alternative Democratic Party of Masíud Sobirov as official, thus refusing to recognize two other factions of the same party as legal.
30 May†At the regular sitting of the third session of the Majlisi namoiandagon (the parliamentís lower chamber) of the Majlisi Oli chaired by speaker of the parliamentís lower chamber S. Khayrulloev, the deputies unanimously adopt the Law on Streamlining Traditions, Celebrations, and Rites in the RT.
16 June Two powerful bombs explode in the capitalís center near the building of the RT Supreme Court.
25 June President Rakhmon signs the Law on General Amnesty adopted by the parliament related to many of those who fought in the civil war.
26 June The country celebrates the 10th anniversary of National Unity Day; the official events are held in Dushanbe.
12 July †The Ministry of Culture of Tajikistan publishes a list of banned propaganda publications issued by religious organizations.
12 July †Deputies of the Majlisi namoiandagon introduce amendments to seven items of the Criminal Code related to journalist activities and the media. They envisage criminal liability for slander and insults, which also applies to Internet authors.
23 July †First Deputy Minister of the Interior Sharif Nazarov announces at a press conference that the Ministry of the Interior prevented several terrorist acts. In the first six months of 2007, officers of the law-enforcement bodies detained seven members of the extremist Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.
2 AugustMayor of Dushanbe Makhmadsaid Ubaydulloev fires heads of large food markets because of irregularities in selling agricultural produce in the capitalís markets.
25 SeptemberThe 7th Congress of the Party of Islamic Revival of Tajikistan elects the partyís governing board of 49 (two of the newly elected members are serving prison terms); M. Kabiri is re-elected chairman of the party for the next four years.
11 OctoberThe international public association ďThe TajiksĒ Peopleís League and the Tojik-Diaspora Fund of support to people from Tajikistan organize a constituent congress of the All-Russia Public Association Movement of Labor Migrants from Tajikistan.
5 November The First Constituent Congress of the ďUnion of Tajikistanis of RussiaĒ is held in the President Hotel in Moscow.
12 NovemberA special commission is set up in Tajikistan to look into the inflated flour prices.
14 NovemberA blast at the Kokhi Vakhdat Cinema and Concert Complex in Dushanbe kills one.
26 DecemberA fire completely destroys the main building of the A. Sino Medical University in Dushanbe.


4 JanuaryPresidential candidates start their election campaigns.
11 FebruaryActing President Berdymukhammedov wins the presidential election.
14 FebruaryInauguration of President Berdymukhammedov.
20 FebruaryPresident Berdymukhammedov signs several decrees under which several people receive their posts.
30 MarchThe Khalk Maslakhaty deputies discuss constitutional amendments related to the state administration system which considerably strengthens the presidentís position.
15 May†Former head of the presidential guard A. Rejepov is arrested.
5 June Saparmurat Niyazov is posthumously awarded the AtatŁrk Prize.
1 July †Revised pensions are restored and paid.
16 July †President Berdymukhammedov signs a decision that annuls ďdomestic visasĒ for citizens of Turkmenistan traveling to the border regions.
9 AugustPresident Berdymukhammedov publishes a decree on pardoning 11 prisoners, including former mufti Nasrullah ibn Ibadullah.
2 September†The government of Turkmenistan raises salaries for all civil servants.
24 SeptemberPresident Berdymukhammedov delivers a lecture at Columbia University (the U.S.).
25 SeptemberDays of the Russian Language open in Ashghabad.
4 OctoberThe new (fourth) state radio channel Ovaz (Melody) starts broadcasting in the Turkmen, Russian, and English languages.
9 OctoberAn annual amnesty of over 9 thousand prisoners is announced.
27 OctoberA military parade and demonstration are organized in Ashghabad to commemorate Independence Day.
11 DecemberThe U.N. Regional Center for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia opens in Ashghabad.
19 DecemberPresident Berdymukhammedov assesses the performance of the cabinet in 2007 as ďmediocre.Ē

"Republic of Uzbekistan"

3 JanuaryPresident Karimov signs the Law on Guarantees for Nongovernmental and Noncommercial Organizations.
9 JanuaryA conference of members of the Uzbek political opposition in emigration ďUzbekistan: Yesterday, Today and TomorrowĒ is held in Sweden.
14 JanuaryThe country marks Defender of the Motherland Day.
21 MarchThe republic celebrates Navruz.
11 April†President Karimov signs a constitutional Law on Strengthening the Role of Political Parties in Reviving and Further Democratizing of State Administration and Modernization of the Country (to be enacted on 1 January, 2008).
1 May The sale of liquor and wines is limited under a presidential decree.
9 May †The Day of Memory and Honor is celebrated.
15 June Laws on Amendments and Addenda to Certain Legislative Acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan with respect to Annulment of Capital Punishment, and on Amendments and Addenda to Certain Legislative Acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan with respect to Transfer of the Right to Sanction Detainment to the Courts are adopted.
24 August †President Karimov takes part in the ceremonial opening of the Tashguzar-Baysun-Kumkurgan railway.
25 August † President Karimov attends celebrations dedicated to the 2750th anniversary of Samarkand.
31 August- 1 SeptemberThe 16th anniversary of independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan is celebrated.
8 OctoberT. Yoldosh, one of the IMU leaders, is killed in Afghanistan.
3-6 NovemberCongresses of five political parties and a meeting of an initiative group of voters are held in Tashkent at which they nominate their presidential candidates.
17 NovemberA certain Extraordinary Committee publishes a statement about the self-disbandment of the opposition Erk Party in the republic.
7 DecemberPresident Karimov speaks at a gala meeting dedicated to the 15th anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
7 December President Karimov declares 2008 the Year of Youth.
13 DecemberProminent journalist, editor of the Uzbek-language Siesat newspaper, A. Saipov, is murdered in Osh (Kyrgyzstan.)
23 DecemberThe country elects the president of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
29 DecemberPresident Karimov issues decrees to appoint R. Azimov as first deputy prime minister, finance minister, and head of the Economy and Foreign Trade Complex and R. Mukhitdinov as minister of justice.
30 DecemberThe media publish the presidential election results.

SCImago Journal & Country Rank
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