Oleg KUZNETSOV


Oleg Kuznetsov, Ph.D. (Hist.), Deputy Rector for Research, Higher School of Social and Managerial Consulting (Institute) (Moscow, the Russian Federation)


THE CONFLICT IN NAGORNO-KARABAKH: IS IT A CLASH OF CIVILIZATIONS?

How Samuel Huntingtons Theory Explains Its Culturological Dimension

ABSTRACT

The author discusses various ideological and ethnopsychological aspects of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in the light of Samuel Huntingtons clash of civilizations theory. He offers his own culturological approach to the causes, motives, and driving forces behind the Armenian-Azeri confrontation and the ways they affect the prospects for peaceful settlement.

Keywords: Nagorno-Karabakh, Samuel Huntington, the clash of civilizations theory, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Artsakh, diaspora, peaceful settlement.

Introduction

Samuel Phillips Huntington (1927-2008) is one the outstanding political and social thinkers of recent times, whose theoretical contribution to our understanding of geopolitical processes is beyond comparison. His theory of the clash of civilizations presented to the public in the form of an article The Clash of Civilizations?, which appeared in 1993 in Foreign Affairs, an American journal of political science, and later extended to a historical-philosophical monograph The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order published in 1996, was an ideal model and real pattern of comprehensive and unbiased understanding of the sources, the driving forces behind and development prospects for the absolute majority of regional (local) wars and conflicts of the last quarter of the 20th century, including the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh.

Strange as it may seem, during the twenty-five years of open confrontation between Armenia and Azerbaijan in Nagorno-Karabakh and adjacent areas, the political scientists in both countries have made no attempt to analyze the sources, nature, and possible repercussions of.


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