Gulshan Pashaeva, Ph.D. (Philol.), Deputy Director of the Center for Strategic Studies under the President of the Azerbaijan Republic (Baku, Azerbaijan).
EUROPEAN MODELS OF AUTONOMY AND THE PROSPECTS FOR CONFLICT SETTLEMENT IN NAGORNO-KARABAKH
The article looks at the possibility of using several key elements in some of Europe’s autonomous entities as a base model for settling the Armenian-Azeri Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. It is presumed that the so-called interim status of Nagorno-Karabakh developed on the basis of European experience could later be an integral part in determining the final status of this region.
When analyzing the reasons for the existing or potential conflicts in the post-Soviet expanse, politicians and experts frequently refer to the lack of correspondence between the current political-administrative and the historical religious, ethnic, or linguistic borders. Furthermore, this lack of correspondence is characteristic of many countries, whereby world experience shows that direct attempts to set this matter to rights end in the emergence of new, even more complicated problems. In this context, the experience of European regionalization—the long-term strategy of the EU member states aimed at systematic and consistent expansion of the competences of regions in the political, socioeconomic, and cultural spheres—is of immense practical interest. That said, despite the fact that many EU countries have regions where national minorities compactly reside, the separation of such regions based on ethnocultural factors alone is a relatively rare occurrence, while the main objective of the EU’s regional policy is to reduce the gap in the socioeconomic development levels of different regions.
The principle of subsidiariness, which defines the approach to distributing powers among different levels of authority, is the legal basis of regionalism in the EU. Within the framework of this approach, management problems should primarily be resolved at the regional (and/or local) level, providing that their resolution is possible and effective. On the other hand, the central government traditionally reserves itself exclusive powers in such spheres as foreign policy, defense, currency regulation, customs and border service, and constitutional legislation, for………..